The LIFE Programme is the only financial instrument of the European Union that is exclusively dedicated to the environment. The general objective of the LIFE Programme is to contribute to the development, implementation and updating of Community environmental legislation by integrating it into the internal environmental policies of the member states.
This Program aims to prevent the loss of habitats and wild species, as well as to support the transition to a circular economy and protect natural resources
Currently, LIFE projects are divided into four sub-programs: nature and biodiversity, circular economy and quality of life, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, transition to clean energy. LIFE Ebro Resilience P1 belongs to the LIFE20 call, belonging to the previous 2014-2020 septennium, whose structure was made up of two sub-programs (environment and climate action) with categories. Specifically, this project is included within the “environment” sub-program, within the category “environment and resource efficiency”.
The “Natura 2000” network comprises a set of natural areas designed to halt the loss of biological wealth and to combat the deterioration of the natural resources of the European territory. The Spanish network was established in Spain in November 2006.
The Natura 2000 network is a European ecological network of biodiversity conservation areas.
The persistent degradation of natural habitats and the threats to certain species are a major concern of the environmental policy of the European Union, which is why Directive 92/43/CEE on the conservation of natural habitats of wild fauna and flora (“the Habitats Directive”) of 21 May 1992 aims to contribute to the maintenance of biodiversity in the member states by defining a common framework for the conservation of habitats and fauna and flora of community interest.
For this reason, the largest ecological network in the world was created. This network includes special areas of conservation designated by the Member States and special protection areas established under the Birds Directive 2009/147/CE.
Annexes I and II of the Directive includes the habitat types and species whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.